Different Display Panels And Charging Ports used in Android Phones

Do you know about different display panels and charging ports used in smartphones? If not, today’s guide on different display panels and charging ports will help you. All of you already use the terms like IPS, LCD, USB Type-C, but don’t know in deep. So, today I will tell you about different display panels and Charging ports used in Android phones.

Different Display Panels And Charging Ports

Every one of you is familiar with the terms LCD, TFT, IPS, AMOLED, and Super AMOLED. But, you don’t what they are – and I am sure about it. Also, you know many smartphones have different types of charging ports for their powering up. That also be a part of today’s topic.

Different Types of Display Panels used in Android Phones

There are many display/panel types used in smartphones today. Mainly there are two categories LCD and LED. Based on these two, there are different sub-types, each with its strength, weaknesses, and cost.

LCD (Liquid Crystal Display)

Its name refers to the array of liquid crystals illuminated by a backlight and its relatively low cost makes it a popular choice for smartphones. It is the most common type of display in the market. It performs quite well in direct sunlight as the entire display is illuminated from behind. There are two primary types of LCDs – TFT and IPS

types of display panels

TFT (Thin Film Transistor)

A Thin Film Transistor (TFT) is the cheapest LCD on the market. This type of LCD is constructed so that each pixel on the display is attached to both a capacitor and transistor. The strength of TFT includes a high contrast ratio and a low cost of production, resulting in a lower-cost phone. It also suffers from a narrow viewing angle, poor visibility of indirect light, and high power consumption.

IPS (In-Place Switching)

In-Place Switching (IPS) displays are currently the best LCDs in the market. Compared with TFT displays, it features consistent color and a wide viewing angle, even indirect light. As it is expensive to produce, so typically it is seen on Mid-level phones and above.

IPS LCD Display panel

Apple uses a high-resolution version of IPS LCDs dubbed with Retina which helps not to discern the individual pixels on the screen with the human eye.

There is also another type of LCD i.e. Super LCD (SLCD) which is used in HTC mobiles. It differs from others as there is no gap between the outer glass and the touch screen sensor. This results in a closer feel and less lens glare compared to IPS technology.

LED (Light Emitting Diode)

It is used for quite some time. It has developed and upgraded to several advancements and subtypes by the use of several new technologies.

OLED (Organic Light Emitting Diode)

OLED uses a layer of carbon-based organic material set between anode and cathode and between two layers of glass. Electricity runs in between two conducting sheets, lighting the carbon sheet and illuminating the display.

OLED display - different display panels and charging ports

Most modern OLEDs on a smartphone are AMOLED, Apple included an OLED display on its iPhone called Super-Retina HD Display.

AMOLED (Active-Matrix Organic Light Emitting Diode)

Active-Matrix Organic Light Emitting Diode (AMOLED) is the current iteration of OLED technology most used in phones. These displays have much purer blacks and consume less energy when black or darker colors are displayed on the screen. Also, it has a very fast refresh rate but visibility is quite down in sunlight. It is thinner and more flexible compared to LCDs.

AMOLED and sAMOLED display panels


It is proprietary Samsung Technology. This AMOLED display improves the touchscreen technology. Touch-sensitive sensors are placed on to the display rather than a separate layer. It is the thinnest display on the market till now. Almost every Samsung smartphone comes with AMOLED or Super AMOLED display.

There is another type of LED display i.e. MICRO LED which is a new technology that we may see in future smartphones. MICROLEDs are the next evolution in LED display technology.

Which display panel is better?

As I have seen, each term is not restricted to one manufacturer, AMOLED is not always Samsung and Retina is not always Apple. iPhone IPS LCDs are currently manufactured by LG, while Samsung has built displays for the iPad. Not all Samsung devices feature AMOLED displays either. This is not simply a case of which display is better, it’s a trade-off between pros and cons.

The point of all this is basically to say two things: numbers and technical data are worth considering when comparing the screens on two smartphones, but the real-world performance of these displays is more important. It’s impossible to gauge a display on paper, but you need to see it in real life to know if it is too cool or warm for you, whether you like its saturation, brightness, or contrast levels, what its viewing angles are like, and so on.

If you’re an outdoors type, then maybe the daylight viewing benefits of LCDs are probably important to you. If you’re crazy about squeezing every drop of life out of your battery or are simply obsessed with eye-popping color and contrast, then take a look at AMOLED.

Different Types of Charging Ports used in Android Phones

There are two types of charging ports is used in smartphones i.e. Micro USB Port and USB Type-C. Previously there is maximum use of Micro USB ports in the handsets. But now a day these characteristics have been changed and many smartphones come with a USB Type-C port for charging as well as for headphone port.

What is a Micro USB type Port?

Micro USB is a standardized and streamlined phone charging device. It looks slightly smaller than Mini USB, it offers a comparable high-speed transfer rate. Micro USB is fairly easy to identify. They come with receptacles and feature a compact 5 pin design.

Many Micro USB charging cables come with a USB connector to allow transfers between desktop and mobile. It is important to keep in mind that Micro USB is not compatible with all devices.

What is a USB Type-C port?

It is an industry-standard connector for transmitting both data and power on a single cable. It was developed by the USB Implementers Forum, the group of companies that have certified the USB standard over the years.

USB Type-C can carry significantly more power, so it is used to charge quickly. Also, it offers double the transfer speed. It is just a connector shape with USB 3.0. It is a worthy upgrade.

types of charging ports

Difference between Micro USB and USB Type-C

The difference between Micro USB and USB Type-C can be detected mainly through functionality and some minor aspects of the physical construction. Most manufacturers have today moved into the production of the USB Type-C for their devices USB which is standard for Universal Serial Bus. It was developed as a way to unify connection cables between devices to allow the transfer of data.

USBs also transfer energy to charge the devices they are connected to. To simplify all this, your Android phone or Bluetooth speaker has a USB cable. One end of the cable has standard USB type-A that fits into a laptop and the other end contains another USB which is smaller in size that fits into your phone or speaker.

Most laptops created today carry at least one USB 3.0 that allows faster data transfer and provides the most popular USB 2.0 in other positions. This side that fits into your phone has always been the Micro USB and has been upgraded to the Type-C for some devices.

There is a physically noticeable difference between the Micro USB and USB Type-C. The Micro USB contains hooks on one side and can only be entered into a device in a specific way. The Type-C is slightly bigger and doesn’t have any hooks on its sides.

Type-C takes advantage of USB 3.2, 3.1, and 3.0 allows you to transfer data at speeds of 5 to 20Gbps. When it comes to charging, it can deliver up to 100W of power. Type-C is designed as a one-size-fits-all to allow it to replace connector cables in smartphones, laptops, or any other devices.

Why USB Type-C is used most nowadays?

More Powerful – It can provide up to 100W of power. That’s enough to charge smartphones very fast.

More Compact – The smaller size and flexibility of the port makes staple fitting on the ultra-slim smartphone.

More Flexible – The connector is reversible which means you don’t have to fiddle with it back and forth wondering if you are interesting it in the right direction.

Speed – The main advantage of USB Type-C is that it is compatible with USB 3.1 specifications, it uses more efficient data encoding which enables to transfer of data at a speed up to 10Gbps.

Wrapping Up

IPS LCD, AMOLED, and Super AMOLED display panels are most used in Android phones to deliver the best screen for users. Even Type-C charging ports are too much used for quick charging. Nowadays quick charging is one of the important feature peoples are looking for. So, a Type-C port becomes necessary.

I hope you have found this article informative and share it with others for helping them to gather knowledge. Tell me in the comment which displays the panel and charging port have in your smartphone? Share your opinion in the comment section. Thanks for reading and stay tuned with Techvaio for more interesting topics. Signing off.!


1) How many types of display panels are there?

There are mainly two types of display panels, i.e., LCD & LED which are divided into sub-categories. LCD is divided into TFT and IPS, whereas LED is divided into OLED, AMOLED, and Super AMOLED.

2) Which is the best display panel?

Although AMOLED and Super AMOLED deliver the best color configuration and image reproduction, IPS are considered one of the best for most availability.

3) Is OLED is better than IPS?

OLED offers better viewing angles compared to IPS. Moreover, OLEDs have a quicker response time. So, overall OLED can be considered better than IPS.